John Augustus Milbourne Marsh – 1819 -1891

(Two journals combined and overlapping)

Mr Allwood looks very much better than I ever saw her. Mr Allwood very ill I think from his looks at least. Mr David Scott, Mrs Browne (whom I had the pleasure of escorting about the whole time) the Campbells, the Bishop and Mrs Broughton, the Mayor, the Miss Walkers, Harriet and Gertrude, the former the Lady to whom Frank was engaged. Colonel Shadforth, Judge Dickenson, Miss Lamb, Miss Milford, Miss Mitchell with the Sterlings, Miss Callander &c &c. All the young married Ladies were the only good looking ones of the party, the single ones plain in the extreme. In fact the 11th say that they never saw so great a dearth of Beauty as they saw here today. Captain Trevelyan is looking out for a wife. I imagine he will be disappointed likewise in the appearance of the Sydney Belles. Thank heavens I have not to choose from amongst them! Russell and I returned back to Petty’s, dined together and then went to he Theatre to see the Opera of “Orthello,” the last time I saw it performed was at the Opera House in London. They made a better attempt at it than they did at the Somnabula the other night.

28th January 1846

Went to stay with Mrs W Manning at Woolloomooloo.

29th January 1846

Drove to the Bank with Mrs Manning, the 11th, performed today. Mrs Manning does not like it as well as the 99th, she says they play old pieces and their instruments sound as being cracked. One of the airs played today was out of Masarniello.

30th January 1846

Went to the different Livery stables ‘in search of a horse’ for W Manning. On my return found he had purchased a very handsome looking one from the R.C. Priest Dr Gregory.

31st January 1846\

Manning rather disappointed with his purchase of yesterday, the horse he bought fell with him today and broke both his knees!

1st February 1846

Went to St James’ Church with Mrs Manning: Allwood read prayers, his voice nearly gone, he looks perfect wreck of a man. After Church went home with Captain and Mrs Browne to the North Shore, a heavy sea on today and a long time crossing over. Dined with the Browne’s. E Merewether came over just as we sat down, he was delayed owing to the spring tide, having pulled himself across in his own boat. He makes a point of dining here every Sunday.

2nd February 1846

Went for a drive with Mrs Manning and afterwards drove to the Domain to hear the 99th. An air from the “Bohemian Girl” was played most exquisitely and delighted us both.

3rd February 1846

Miss Mitchell came to spend a few days with Mrs Manning. She went to School at Clifton. Met Mrs Rogers on the Crescent, a very plain girl and what is worse has recourse to so many artifices as it were, false teeth, false back-hair, and screws herself in to such an extent as to look perfectly hideous.

4th February 1846

Caught a disagreeable cold and cough.

5th February 1846

Notwithstanding a bad cold, I was persuaded to join the Picnic given today by Mrs Deas Thomson. Started from the Circular Wharf at 12 o’clock. One of the 8 oar Government Boats had been provided. Our party consisted of the Lady-giver of the Entertainment, and her tribe, Miss Callander, Miss Mitchell, Dr Dobie, E.Merewether A.D.C., Captain Trevelyan, Icely M.C. & the Colonial Secretary: went first to Rushcutters Bay, then to Clovelly, then to Shark Island where we determined to have the picnic: a beautiful view from this point. Two or three different parities of Fishermen were busily engaged casting their nets, to our great amusement .Cloverlly, which I have just mentioned belongs to the McArthurs, a rather romantic spot, built(?) near the edge of the Rocks and commands a view of the sea, and the North and South Head of Port Jackson. I certainly should like to reside here in the summer, every ship that enters the Harbour or leaves it is seen from this point, a view of the sea always changes the current of one’s ideas and after a sojourn in the Bush, I think it one of the most agreeable sight that can be. The day favoured us, a gentle breeze. Did not return till long after moonlight. Strange to say my cold and cough infinitely better. Mrs Manning says she went toady to the Domain to hear the XIth Band, which she likes better than last time.

7th February 1846

Dr Dovie and a Captain Darnley of the “Eweratta” dined here. Miss Jacob and Miss Callander came in the evening; they (including Miss Mitchell) were much disappointed at not meeting Captain Trevelyan; he had been invited and was expected, but did not came after all. These young Ladies are trying to inveigle him.

8th February 1846

Went to St James Church: the Bishop preached.

9th February 1846

Went again to the Band with Mrs Manning, a larger concourse of people than ever. I think every Hack carriage was had in requisition. In the evening we went back to Parramatta by the late Steamer. Drank tea with the Andersons. They had just been out, a large riding party having assembled at Newington, which I have unfortunately missed. The Miss Walkers were of it. David says that he thinks of ‘bringing about again’ Frank’s marriage with Miss Walker. I cannot say I admire her, for her beauty at least; she may be a very amiable person, but I do not think her even Ladylike. Frank however, is not very particular and a ‘las blue’ methinks, would suit him best: chacun a son gesit as Carter used to say when I told him I preferred Fanny, O’Callaghan to Mary. Today great preparations were made in Sydney for the Dinner which is to be given tomorrow at the City Theatre to Archibald Boyd in consideration of his eminent service performed at Home, in support of the Squatting Interest in this Colony. He was a “Squatter” himself in New England and on his way to his Stations thee, frequently visited “Skellatar.”

Tuesday 10th February 1846

Rode to Parramatta after breakfast, on a young colt, Thowe(?) just had down from the Hunter. After lunch returned with George Forbes and David in the 4 o’clock steamer to Sydney. I went with David to his quarters in Jamison St, Mrs Lords Boarding House, where we changed for dinner, notwithstanding the rain which came pouring in to our bed room through the ceiling, to David’s amusement and my horror. At 7 the carriage came for us and drove us to the City Theatre where the Dinner to Archibald Boyd was to be given, in consideration of the services he had performed for the good of the Squatters. As may be supposed a regular meeting of the Squattocracy. Besides the Members of the Community, 140 people were present. Arthur Hodgson who was one of the Stewards fortunately reserved seats for David, and Sydenham Russell, and myself. Otherwise, we like the (greek letters) must have scrambled for our seats. Captain O’Connell was Chairman, St Dorie Vice. The Band of the 99th played at intervals, and as a sort of set off for him I presume, the Officers of the 99th and 11th were invited. The Dinner was a cold one and therefore bad, but the wine was very good indeed. Boyds speech was admirable, in fact I never heard so eloquent a one, or one so well delivered. Some of the members of the Legislative Council were present, Speaker McLeay, Nicholson, Wentworth, Sealy, etc. Hodgson proposed the Ladies, a great number of them by the bye were seated up in the boxes, many of them thinking a half fine fellow their husbands must be to be able to learn a speech and speak it. The two Mrs O’Connells, Mrs Hodgson, the Miss Walkers, Miss Donaldson, Mrs Dawson etc etc. Dinner was not over till after 12 o’clock p.m.

10th February 1846

George Forbes, David and I went by the 4 o’clock Steamer to Sydney: David persuaded me to go with him to his quarters in Jamieson St, Mrs Lords Boarding House, where we dressed for dinner, notwithstanding the rain which came pouring in to our bedroom through the ceiling!! At 7 the carriage came for us and we drove to the City Theatre where the Dinner to Boyd takes place. As may be supposed a regular meeting of the “Squattocracy” besides other members of the Community. 140 tickets were issued. Arthur Hodgson (who was one of the Stewards) reserved places for David, Gore, Sydenham Russell, and myself otherwise we like the “greek letters” must have scrambled for our seats. Captain O’Connell was President, Dr Dobie Vice; the Band of the 99th played at intervals and as a sort off sent off, I presume, the officers of the 11th 99th here invited to the feast. Our dinner was a cold one and therefore bad, but the wines were excellent. Boyd’s speech was admirable in fact I never heard so eloquent a one or one so well delivered. Some of the Members of Council were present, Speaker McLeay, Nicholson, Wentworth, Feeling, Grant, Marray. Hodgson proposed the ‘Ladies’ a great number of them, by the bye were seated up in the Boxes looking on at the scene and thinking no doubt, what fellows their husbands must be, to be able to have have a speech and speak it. On one side were the three Miss O’Connells, Mrs Dawson, Miss Donaldson. On the other Mrs Hodgson, the Miss Walkers, Miss Campbell, Mrs Bloxome. The Dinner was not over till 12 o’clock p.m.

Wednesday 11th February 1846

After breakfast David and myself went visiting. We called first on Lady Gipps, Government House. After paying a long visit departed, and met Darbin of Clifton on the Staircase on a similar errand. We went afterwards to Colonel Shadforth, where we lunched. Sophy Stephen has grown up a very pretty girl. I went by myself to Mrs W. Manings and then after perambulating George Street returned in the 5 o’clock steamer to Parramatta. After tea David and I went over to Colonel Andersons, had music, and most agreeable tete a’tetes with “Mary” and “Fairlie.”

11th February 1846

After breakfast David and I went visiting, called first on Lady Gipps at Government House, after a long visit departed and met Darbin (of Clifton) on the staircase on a similar errand. Lunched at Colonel Shadforth’s . After perambulating George Stt a few hours returned by the 5 o’clock Steamer to Parramatta. Drank tea with the Andersons, David and I having agreeable tête a têtes with Mary and Fairlie.

Thursday 12 February 1846

Remained in the house the greater part of the day reading Mrs Gores novel “The Popular Member” which I like very much.

Friday 13th February 1846

Aunt Sophy, David and myself went by early steamer to Sydney. Aunt Sophy is going to stay with Mrs Shadforth.

Dined by myself at Petty’s.

13th February 1846

Aunt Sophy accompanied David and myself to Sydney by the early Steamer. She is going to pass some days with Mrs Shadforth.

Saturday 14th February 1846

The last day I shall be in Sydney. Made several purchases for the Station. Left Sydney by the late Steamer, on board were the Miss Walkers, Mrs Hodgson and Hodgson, they are going to the Blanken-for a few days.

14th February 1846

The last day I shall be in Sydney, made several purchases for the Station. Left by the late Steamer for Paramatta, on board were the Miss Walkers, and Mrs Hodgson. I had not sent he former since my first arrival when Frank was paying his addresses to the elder one. Had quite forgotten me and I had to be introduced again. Harriet seems very happy indeed, and her engagement with Frank, having been broken off, does not seem to trouble her much. A most extraordinary cold day, all the Ladies shivering with cold

Sunday 15th February 1846

A cold day for a wonder. Drive to Church with Mrs and George Forbes. Mary Anderson paid us a visit in the afternoon. Escorted her home and remained chatting till 8 o’clock.

Monday 16th February 1846

Packing up ones traps. Called at Pemberton Grange, the Gores unfortunately absent. Then to the Walls, stayed a couple of hours. On my return found Aunt Sophy and David having arrived by the Steamer.

In the evening Mary and Fairlie Anderson, and the Governess drank tea. David and I waltzed with each of the Ladies alternately, escorted them home, said goodbye also, for tomorrow I start for the Station.

16th February 1846

Packing up ones traps, for tomorrow I start. Called at Pemberton Grange, after breakfast, the Gores unfortunately absent. Went afterwards to the Walls. On my return found Aunt Sophy and David just arrived from Sydney. In the evening Mary and Fairlie Anderson and the Governess (Mrs Whitbread) drank tea. David and I waltzed with each of the Ladies alternately and managed to keep it up till after 12 p.m. Escorted them home by moonlight, and said goodbye alas for tomorrow morning I start for the Station.

Tuesday 17th February 1846

A most beautiful morning. At 8 o’clock the gig was brought round and I at last had to wish goodbye to civilized life for awhile. I took up with me a little girl for Fanny, and for the sake of appearances I tried as David did to make myself look as sad as I could, whilst the little girl tried to make herself look like a Lady. Passed through – Liverpool where we arrived by 9 o’clock. Had lunch four miles from Camden, and after ascending and descending the famous Razorback (a very steep hill indeed) arrived at Stonequarry by 6 o’clock. Had tea and then went quietly to bed.

We drove 44 miles this day.

17th February 1846

A most beautiful morning. At 8 o’clock the gig was brought round to the door and off I started for Demonderil. I took up with me a little girl for Fanny, whom she intends to have as Lady’s maid, a rather difficult matter I prophesy. At 9 reached “Liverpool” a small town, pleasantly situated. Had lunch four miles beyond “Camden” and after ascending and descending the famous “Razor Back” the name they give to a very steep Range, arrived at another township which they call (blank) Drove 44 miles this day.

Wednesday 18th February 1846

Up early this morning. Started by 6, and breakfasted at Barys(water?) 12 miles. Lunched at Bernina(?) a place the Quarter Sessions are held and drove on to Grays, 10 miles further on. Had a very heavy shower of rain which wet me thoroughly. Had a miserable super, the only good thing was a fire.

I wanted to get the gig washed, it being covered with mud, but the answer received to my request was “that there was no water, that every gallon of water they used had to be brought a distance of 5 miles.” Drove 43 miles today.

Thursday 19th February 1846

Got off very early. A thick falling mist hanging about, which looked like rain, however I was more fortunate this day for at 10 o’clock the sun broke forth beautifully. After driving about 9 miles came to a place they call Paddy’s River, not a very attractive looking place. I therefore drove 9 miles further on to “Marulan” where I breakfasted and rested the horse till 2 o’clock. Then started again and arrived at Goulburn about 5 o’clock, a distance of 36 miles.

The groom was quite tipsy and my horse was unfortunately (only half attended?).

Goulburn is a very pretty place, the town built in a sort of valley

Friday 20th February 1846

Started at 7 and drove 12 miles to Wallerawary. Captain Edenborough breakfasted here. He was from home but Mrs Edenborough was excessively polite and hospitable. Lunched 18 miles from there on at the “Tangle Inn” a miserable road side Inn. Stayed a couple of hours to refresh my horse “Captain” and got to Grosvenor’s some 12 miles further by sundown. Found a gentleman on his journey up from Port Philip, a Mr Faithful, a colonial youth. He has a very nice tandem, however and has had, he says, only one smash on the road, of which his gig, by the bye, give ample proof and his wheel horse too, has broke his leg somehow. Drove 42 miles today.

20th February 1846

Started at 7 and drove 12 miles to Wallerawary Captain Edenboroughs. Breakfast here. He was from home, but Mrs Edenborough was excessively polite and hospitable, and in return I could not but praise her beautiful toned Piano by Zeitler, and compliment her on her performance thereon. Lunched at the Taylor Inn, a miserable road side Inn. Stayed a couple of hours to refresh my horse and reached Grosvenor’s Public House (12 miles further) by sundown. Found a fellow traveler here, a Mr Faithful who is travelling up from Port Phillip, a colonial youth, he is driving a very nice tandem however, and has had, he says, only ‘one smash’ on the road, of which by the bye, his gig gives ample proof, so does his wheel hors who offside hind leg is much swollen and cut. Drove 42 miles today.

Saturday 21st February 1846

Did not start till after breakfast, at 8 o’clock, and did not arrive in Yass, 15 miles by ½ past 10. Lunched at the place, and afterwards made a morning visit with the Surgeon of the place, Dr McEvoy, on the Clergyman Mr Brigstock who politely stuffed him with grapes, whiles we complimented and flattered his pretty wife.

A 2 o’clock started again and drove 21 miles further to Binalong where the Commissioner Beckham lives. Found him absent from home, ditto his sister. Drove 36 miles today.

Sunday 22nd February 1846

A lovely morning, had breakfast very early and started at 7 and arrived at Demondrille (spelt Demonderil by Marsh) by 11 o’clock. Found Wise and Fanny at breakfast and not expecting me. Drove 30 miles this morning. Making a total of 261 miles performed in 5 days and a morning. I think after this, considering the state of the roads, and how heavily laden I was, that my horse “Captain” may be pronounced a first rate gig horse.

Sydenham Russell sailed this day by the “St. George” for England. Mr and Mrs Crichton, friends of Wise and Fanny’s also go in her. The “Angelina” also sailed today taking away from there those “pretty Miss Priddle,” the Lady that caused the quarrel between David and Pigott of the 99th at Mr Cox’s Ball at Malgoa.

Monday 23rd February 1846

Raining the whole day, the Salvation of the County up here I never had seen the place so wretchedly burnt up before, nor so dreadfully supplied with water. The year has certainly been one of drought. I hear that since I have been absent in Sydney a period of weeks that it has not rained once.

I was delighted to find a letter from dear Grace to me, dated 30 September, it had arrived during my stay in Sydney.

I was delighted to find a letter from Dear Grace to me dated 30 Sept, which had arrived during my stay in Sydney. I sat down and answered it at once.

Tuesday 24th February 1846

Rode out in the afternoon with Wise and his overseer, Sanderson to the Connaughtman Station to fix on a place to build the new hut on. Saw the sheep of this place, one flock of lambs looking very trim(?) in deed.

Wednesday 25th February 1846

Rode out after breakfast with the overseer to the Sheep Station at the crossing place 4 miles from this. I mounted a young colt Wise has just purchased, he tried to throw me at first, and got the bit in his mouth and bolted a short way. Gave him a hanging (banging?) which quieted him a bit, and remounted him. In the evening about 6 Mr S and Mrs O’Brien drove up in their carriage from Yass paying a return visit to Fanny. What a ridiculous idea it would be in England going 50 miles for a visit. We mutually made ourselves very agreeable I have no doubt and did not go to bed till 12.

Thursday 26th February 1846

Wise and O’Brien took a ride before breakfast to one of the Sheep Stations, a lovely morning. The O’Briens are determined to leave today. And after lunch they started on their way to Mr Broughton’s of Borrowa 30 miles from this. They stay and rest themselves at Douglas, Captain Trevelyan’s old Station.

Friday 27th February 1846

Drove Wise’s carriage over to Wallenden – 8 miles from this in order to get the Blacksmith to cut the tires of the wheels etc. This station belongs to Messrs Jardine Mathesons and Co., is managed by a capital superintendent named Macky (McKay) who we all like. In the evening after dinner rode to the Connaughtman Station, counted the sheep.

Saturday 28th February 1846

After breakfast rode the young cold out to quiet him. Went to the Station we call Wambock 7 miles from this, then on to Coviets, saw all the sheep.

Had letters today, and I was glad at the measure to find some English ones, from Aunt Mary Anne and Grace to Fanny, and from Aunt to me, the latest intelligence we have being 31st October.

Sunday 1st March 1846

Read prayers in the morning, very few attending. Only the overseer, and the little girl I brought up from Sydney. Mr Macky dined with us today.

1st March 1846

Read prayers in the morning, very few attending, only the overseer and the little girl I brought up with me. The overseer is a fine old soldier, formerly in the Guards, and had the honor of guarding the famous “Thistlewood” to Newgate. Mr McKay dined with us.

Monday 2nd March 1846

Rode out before breakfast to all the Sheep Stations. Made fresh agreements with three of the shepherds, rode about 18 miles.

All the men very busy today, one set burning (bricky?), others at the Lime Kiln, and two men building a hut. In the afternoon Fanny, Wise and I took a ride towards Cunningham Creek. I was mounted on the young colt. Fanny on the pretty mare “Redova”, Wise on “Captain.”

2nd March 1846

Rode out before breakfast to all the Sheep stations, made fresh agreements with three of the shepherds. Wages £20 per annum each and a ration of 10 flour 10 meat ¼ tea 2 sugar.

Tuesday 3rd March 1846

The overseer went round all the Stations before breakfast. I rode out to one of the Sheep Stations to see how the men were getting on with the hut. After dinner rode out to the Crossing Place Sheep Station.

Drove in the mares and horses from the Run as I returned.

Wednesday 4th March 1846

Rode over to breakfast with Macky having promised to dress (drive?) 11 imported South Down and Merino Rams. Had to wait a long time before commencing on account of the water being too warm(?).

Had my horse shod. And as Wise’s carriage was mended drove the it home.

Thursday 5th March 1846

Read Bentley Miscellany of May 1845 month containing “Marchioness of Brinvilliers.”

Thermometer 125°.

“The Lost Mantle” “A Writ of Error,” “Outpourings of D-Canter,” etc. The last article written by Wise’s uncle.

Friday 6th March 1846

Sent the overseer to Cunningham Creek to see if he could purchase any fat bullocks – unsuccessful.

Rode to the Connaughtman Station before breakfast.

Saturday 7th March 1846

Rode out before breakfast to the Carrick Station 7 miles from this. Received letters from Sydney, also two English newspapers, 6th, 11 and 18, the Bull and Gloucestershire Chronicle.

The overseer took his pony and my colt to Mackys to be shod. Macky’s 300 sheep came tonight, he wishes to go through the heart of the Run on his way to his Station, but I cannot allow this.

Sunday 8th March 1846

Up long before sunrise. Got ready to take his sheep round our run not touching upon any Station of ours. Conducted him to within 4 miles of Nubba Creek. He then goes to Berthing, and then to Tumbleton Creek. A most oppressive day 120° the thermometer. Had a dreadful headache, the consequence of being without breakfast till 12. Had prayers at 1 o’clock.

Monday 9th March 1846

At 7 o’clock rode to the Connaughtman Station, returned by 9.

At 10 o’clock rode out again to look for coach horse, went to Cunningham Creek, and also to see that a neighbour (Harris) was not encroaching on our run. Returned at 2.

The overseer went before sunrise to Nubba, to see after Macky’s sheep, fearing he might give us the donoll(?), and cut across our run. Found he had started in the direction we wished. The overseer found one of the flocks without the shepherd. I rode out in the afternoon to inspect them, found 124 deficient. Rode out all directions seeking for them without success. Did not return till 8 o’clock p.m. Had tea and went to bed quite knocked up.

Tuesday 10th March 1846

At 5 o’clock with Wise, the overseer and myself were all in our saddles, also two other men and a man on foot, all going to look for the lost sheep of yesterday. We all took different directions. And at 10 o’clock came back to the Sheep Station without success. All went out again and by 1 o’clock we saw the overseer returning with 110 lambs. The number deficient being 14. In the afternoon we had a very heavy thunder storm.

Wednesday 11th March 1846

Fanny and Wise went for a drive in the afternoon. During their absence Hardy (formerly P.M. of Yass) arrived.

Thursday 12th March 1846

Hartly has been induced to stay today. After breakfast rode to the Cunningham Station with the Overseer. Inspected and counted both flocks of sheep, and showed the shepherd the marker of the boundary between Marcky and ourselves. Rode then to whre a new hut is being built, and where a well has to be dug. Returning a very heavy thunder storm came on which drenched us.

Friday 13th March 1846

Hardy left today.

Rode out after breakfast to the Crossing Place Station. Inspected and counted the two flocks here. Went to – and back and did the same there. Rode by myself to Corrick, saw one flock only. Had a long settlement of accounts with the sawyers. Killed a bullock this evening.

Saturday 14th March 1846

Ration day. All the stations sent a fortnights ration. Evan’s whom we sent for letters, returned late without them, much disappointed service. A heavy thunder storm came on at 8 o’clock this evening.

Sunday 15th March 1846

A fine day, had prayers in the morning.

Monday 16th March 1846

A very cold day for a wonder. Went to the Connaughtman Station before breakfast. Drove to Comaus’ also to Cornick: put “Captain” in the carriage, he went badly, jibbing at every pinch. I cannot tell what has come to him.

Tuesday 17th March 1846

Put “Captain” in the carriage after breakfast, would not stir –, took him out and put him the cart: gave him a good drilling.

Wednesday 18th March 1846

Fanny and Wise went off very early this morning in the carriage, they go just to Captain (Fredy Main’s?) tonight, and on to Yass the next day, tomorrow staying with the O’Brians there. Despatched one dray to the Range to the Sawyers. Sanderson went round the Sheep Stations.

Thursday 19th March 1846

Rode round the Sheep Statons before breakfast.

McKay lunched with me on his way to Merengo.

Friday 20th March 1846

The carpenter began this morning to build the roof of the new cottage. Sent for letters to the Binalong. Ennis returned with them and newspapers in the afternoon.

Saturday 21st March 1846

The overseer rode round the Sheep Stations before breakfast. He reports that all the water on the Run is finishing, and that we shall have to sink wells for the watering of the sheep. The bullock team returning from the Range this evening.

Sunday 22nd March 1846

A very oppressive day, offered to read prayers but no one came.

Monday 23rd March 1846

Rode out after breakfast to determine where the wells should be sunk, and set the men to work making troughs.

Tuesday 24th March 1846

Sent Wrags with the bullock team to Yass with 50 Bushels of wheat to the mill. A Mr Daniel lunched here, he is Superintendent for Boyd and is travelling with 3000 sheep to the Murray. He has asked permission to water them at the only good water hole we have. I am afraid it will (resole?) it for good. Water is now so scarce that one (–ages) it for ones cattle and stock.

Wednesday 25th March 1846

Sent the overseer with the travelling sheep to see them off the Run.

Thursday 26th March 1846

Threatened to rain today, but none fell. Sent the horse team to the Range (20 miles off) for sawn stuff. A Mr Crow lunched here, he is driving a few mares to Port Philip, not long ago he says he was living with the Forbes in the Downs, and I have a great deal of them and Philip. A queer looking fish and not knowing who he was at first, ordered lunch in a side for him.

Friday 27th March 1846

Sent Ernies (Ennies?) to the Post. No letters, however, but newspapers, in one which is a long correspondence between Dr Blair and Dr J McRae (Lady Conoley’s relative). Wrote to Philip Pinnock. The horse team returned this evening with 300 feet of saw stuff. Sent 65 bushels of wheat to the mill to be ground by Knight.

Saturday 28th March 1846

A very cold wind today. Thermometer 55° in the shade. After breakfast rode out with the overseer to see the well that is being sunk, and the troughs for watering the sheep.

Saw three of the flocks.

Sunday 29th March 1846

A very cold day for a wonder.

Monday 30th March 1846

Rode out to Copes after breakfast, drafted the wethers from the ewes, raddled them. Killed a fat cow this evening, weight 500, price 30/-.

Tuesday 31st March 1846

Shifted the Corrick Station to between Mayo’s and the Hind Station. Rode out to look at the well. Everything prepared now for watering a flock of sheep. The water every wehre fairly short. Rain is terribly wanted to fill the water holes, and (prolen?) up the grass.

Engaged Dann to drive the horse team.

Wednesday 1st April 1846

Rode out after breakfast to the well, one of the flocks of lambs were watered for the first time at it. Bought a young bullock for 2.2, had him roped and yoked to one of the old bullocks. Read Shakespeare this evening, the “Comedy of Errors.” Put the rams into the ewes today.

Thursday 2nd April 1846

Engaged Leo to drive the Sydney team of bullocks and sent him to the Range for sawn stuff. Had two flocks of sheep tarred on the forehead. Sanderson inspected them at the Crossing area, I the lambs near home.

Friday 3rd April 1846

McKay arrived soon after breakfast, dined with me and is on his way to Sydney with fat cattle. Sent Ennies to the Post, no letters or newspapers. Read “Lichart’s Life of Scott,” much interested in Walter Scotts impressions on seeing the field of Waterloo after the battle, which he sends in a letter to the Duke of Buccleuch.

Saturday 4th April 1846

A very oppressive day. In a great dilemma having no flour to issue. However, after sundown Knight with his dray arrive.d He can give no tidings of our team. The dray with sawn stuff came in from the range, not till 10 o’clock – brought 750 yards.

Sunday 5th April 1846

Another warm day, and no sign of rain alas. Read the “Spectator.”

Monday 6th April 1846(light pencil, difficult to read)

Bagg arrived this evening with the letters(?) from Yass. He has the coolness to give us an – for his – that he was (youngest the races?).

Tuesday 7th April 1846(light pencil, difficult to read)

Sent the Drays to the Crossing Place with – tonight, brought back 2 bales of hay. —

Wednesday 8th April 1846(light pencil, difficult to read)

Broke in another young bullock, one of — to McKays to d—

Thursday 9th April 1846(light pencil, difficult to read)

Sent Dann with the Cart to McKay’s to get ready –.. Began reading “The Empire of the God” by D Costine.

Friday 10th April 1846 (light pencil, difficult to read)

We were in great hope that the wind that has been blowing the day would bring rain. Got today a holiday (harness?) for the men. Killed a bullock in the evening. Sent the horse team to the range. Thrown from “Medria”, fell on my back. Rode to the Crossing place to inspect the well.

Saturday 11th April 1846

A perfect hurricane today with the dust flying around in volumes. Fanny and Wise to my surprise reached home at 9 o’clock when we were all in bed. They took their way from Captain Trevylyns (Furylgans?) Rode to the Crossing place.

Sunday 12th April 1846(light pencil, difficult to read to Friday 17th)

Read prayers. Heard of the — to the – and the dreadful – made in the 80th the last Regiment that left his Country. ‘had the account of Richards expedition from Darlington across to Port–. Only a few one of them killed. Pettigrew a friend of mine accompanied them on their first going out.

Monday 13th April 1846

Rode to a Sheep Station before breakfast..

Tuesday 14th April 1846

to the Ranges for some sawn stuff. — called. The hen – was killed by one of the dogs to Fanny grief.

Wednesday 15th April 1846

Rode out before breakfast. Heard today of David’s engagement with Miss Bo—man.

Thursday 16th April 1846

Rode out early to the Sheep Station, drafted out 1000 wethers which we intend sending to market tomorrow. A very warm day. Thermometer 100.

Friday 17th April 1846

Very early started the wethers for Sydney. Sent my letter to Grace dated 23rd February

Saturday 18th April 1846

Up long before sunrise, a dark cloudy morning, thunder and lightning, a little rain. I sent three of the shepherds away, and joined two flocks of sheep. The dray from the range came in with only 100 feet. Was found Walman has been pinching off our sawyers. Sent a man over on horse back with a letter to him. He is to call tomorrow to explain.

Sunday 19th April 1846

Had prayers in the morning. The man we sent to the Post returned with letters, three English newpapers. John Bull Morning Herald and Gloucester Chronicle.

Monday 20th April 1846

Started the horse team early in the morning, to Bowning for sawn stuff. Welman came over by appointment, and tried to explain matters and engaging our sawyers, he made a very lame excuse indeed.

Tuesday 21st April 1846

The overseer went to Yass, returning with several newspapers from England.

Wednesday 22nd April 1846

A severe frost this morning. See f– . Rode out with Wise horse. Breakfast at Sheep Station.

Thursday 23rd April 1846

Fanny and Wise drove over to pay their first visit at Welmans.- — – lunch. Heard today that Captain Cockburn of the XI had eloped with the pretty Miss Price, the confectioners daughter. Captain Jenny also eloped with somebody else equally -y.

Friday 24th April 1846

The overseer returned, brought in letters an newspapers from Yass. Heard from Aunt Sophy in Parramatta. Ximenes was returned from India, his wife going to perform Captain M Peek in Saff-Opera, an amateur performance got up by the 58 for sufferers in New Zealand.

Sunday 26th April 1846

A cold rain, but the wind keeps blowing it away. Had prayers. The cows lost, no milk alas.

Monday 27th April 1846

Showery again today, and a cold westerly wind. Thermometer 51°. Had a row with the sawyers.

Tuesday 28th April 1846

Showery again. Not much rain fallen. Thermometer 52°. Despatched a dray for sawn stuff.

Wednesday 29th April 1846

Thermometer 50°. A raw day. The rain only now and again. Nothing to speak of.

Thursday 30th April 1846

Friday 31st April 1846

Started after lunch with the letters for the post. Rode to Bechhums (Beehhums) 3 miles. He and his sister absent. Therefore rode on to Griffins but found him also away. Shortly after Captain Trevellyan arrived with a Mr Jackson. And he persuaded me to ride back with them to Bendim, 7 miles. I had not had any anything since breakfast and was now dreadfully hungry. Captain Trevellyan has persuaded me again to pass tomorrow with him.

Saturday 1st May 1846

Travellyan proposed a ride to a Mrs Broughton’s and Jackson and I accompanied him there. The distance 10 miles. Broughton has some very nice horses and one I should very much wish (riding, selling, settling?). Passed by a section of ground containing 2200 acres which Travellyan has just purchased for £600. And on it is a very handsome dwelling house.

Sunday 2nd May 1846

Raining very hard in the morning. At 12 had prayers. All Trevellyan’s men attending. At 1 (departed?) notwithstanding the angry aspect of the clouds, and reached home by sundown ½ past 5. I got an little rain on the road.

Monday 3rd May 1846

A cold day, cloudy but no rain. Fanny’s mare threw the groom whilst taking her down to water and then bolted with the pony. A long time catching her.

Tuesday 4th May 1846

Thermometer 43 with a very cold wind blowing. Ploughed a few acres for barley.

Wednesday 5th May 1846

Ploughed up a site for the new garden.

Thursday 6th May 1846

Rode out before breakfast and very hard frost, went to the furthest Sheep Station. After breakfast, drove Fanny and – to Wallmers for a drive.

Friday 7th May 1846

Rode out before breakfast to the Connaughtman Sheep Station, rode afterwards in search of the lambs. A very severe frost. Tried two horses in the carriage, first of all tandem fashion but owing to having no tandem whip, and the carriage too low, made one of the men ride the leading horse a la Portillian.

Saturday 8th May 1846

Another frost, a lovely day, however. The overseer brought us a present of 14 large wing pigeons which he shot on the Run as he was out.

Sunday 9th May 1846

Had prayers in the morning. Rather more numerous the congregation.

Monday 10th May 1846


Tuesday 11th May 1846

Almost 139 heat to our constant lament. Miss Mitchell arrived from Sydney accompanied by her brother formerly in the 96th and 29th.

Wednesday 12th May 1846

Had a long narration of tidings of Sydney.

Thursday 13th May 1846

Rode to one of the Sheep Stations with Mitchell.

Friday 14th May 1846

Wise, Fanny and Miss Mitchell went by sunrise to Cambermuna in the carriage. Wise by my advice put on another horse in front with a man riding Portillion. Mitchell and I went shooting ducks.

Saturday 15th May 1846

A little rain fell today. Griffin and Wellman lunched with me. Shortly after Wise, Fanny and Miss Mitchell returned from Cumbermurra.

Sunday 16th May 1846

After breakfast Mitchell and I started for “Welman’s” where we lunched. I had not seen Mrs since she married. Dined in her bedroom, the only room habitable owing to the old place being pulled down. Afterwards we rode to “Douglas” 5 miles further, a Station of Captain Travellayn.

Monday 17th May 1846

Left “Douglas” after breakfast, threatened for rain, and a few sharp showers fell. Mitchell went the road to Bowrowa en route to his Station in the “Avesernmay”(?). Took a short cut across the “Bush.” Ennie and Wootton (Western?) returned from Sydney.

Tuesday 18th May 1846

Rode out before breakfast to the Crossing Place. Discharged one of the shepherds.

Wednesday 19th May 1846

Drafting sheep at Mayo’s. Exchanged a horse for 3 cows and calves.

Thursday 20th May 1846

Wise went off very early in the carriage for Yass.

Friday 21st May 1846

Welman and his wife dined over today, a return visit. McKay also arrived.

Saturday 22nd May 1846

A very severe frost: (Blistered?) the horse brought up from Sydney.

Sunday 23rd May 1846

A very warm day. 95° in the sun. Had prayer in the morning.

Monday 24th May 1846

Wise returned after dinner from Yass. He sold “Doctor” for £10. Brought me the £400 from England

Tuesday 25th May 1846

Riding all day in search of lost horses.

Wednesday 26th May 1846

Thursday 27th May 1846

Drove Fanny and Miss Mitchell out to a distant Sheep Station, the horse jibbed the whole way there. A Mr Daniels (Danely?) passed the Station.

Friday 28th May 1846

Raining a little today. Started at 12 from home; arrived at Beethams in time for dinner. Received a letter from P. Hodgson at sea Longitude 26, crossing the Line.

Saturday 29th May 1846

A nasty drizzly day. Before we had finished breakfast Thompson from Goulburn arrived. Started immediately after, called at Ellaby, met Mr Colborne there. Arrived at Yass by 5 o’clock. Walk to George Allway and McEvoy’s in the evening. They live together, the farmer is the Lawyer, the other the Doctor of the township.

Sunday 30th May 1846

No Church in Yass this week. (crossed out – Wrote letter to Aunt M.A.) Rode and paid a visit to the O’Briens about 2 miles from Yass, the name of the place “Dorset”(?)

Monday 1st June 1846

Wrote to Aunt Mary Anne, also to P-on. Hodgson. Shopping in Yass. Did not leave the township until 3, and arrived at -y by 7, thirty miles. No on at home except Mr Whitehead. However he made me very comfortable for the night. Very cold cloudy day.

Tuesday 2nd June 1846

Left Ellalong after breakfast, found a horse here that I had been expecting from Sydney. But the man that brought him up, beat and shamefully used him, that I cannot take him with me to Demondrille. Arrived at the Station just in time for dinner, and to my surprise met the Dr of Yass, McEvoy, who appeared charmed with meeting with Miss Mitchell. He had just arrived a few hours from Ryan’s. Cockburn was also at Demondrille. They both left, however, after dinner. Thermometer last night 26. Fearfully cold.

Wednesday 3rd June 1846

Rode over to McKay’s and back again to get two Fillies that have been at astray for a week. Miss Mitchells pony had been away too for some days and I fear she has also strayed.

Thursday 4th June 1846

Friday 5th June 1846

Lots 60 sheep from one of the flocks, the overseer and myself went out. Found fortunately a few lambs before our arrival.

Saturday 6th June 1846

Took a ride before dinner with Miss Mitchell.

Sunday 7th June 1846

Pouring rain the whole day. Had prayers.

Monday 8th June 1846

A cloudy day.

Tuesday 9th June 1846

Raining a little today. The water holes filled. Went for a ride with Miss Mitchell about 16 miles.

Wednesday 10th June 1846

Received a letter from Dear Grace dated 31st December, also one to Fanny, in the post script both -s from Aunt M.A. John Boughham and Cockburn came today. Purchased 3 cows £8. Rode to a sheep station.

Thursday 11th June 1846

Cockburn and Brougham started today. Fanny, Miss Mitchell and Wise accompanied them on horseback. Rode out before breakfast to the Crossing Place to count a flock of sheep having hired a new Shepherd.

Friday 12th June 1846

Fanny, Miss Mitchell and Wise went for a ride on horseback, before dinner.

Saturday 13th June 1846

Wise started by 5 o’clock a.m. to Beethams, returned with letters in the afternoon. Rode out before breakfast to the Connaughtman to count the sheep to a new shepherd.

Sunday 14th June 1846

A beautiful day. Had prayers in the morning.

Monday 15th June 1846

Wrote to Aunt Mary Anne and sent my journal up to the 11th of this month to the Post, Yass.

Tuesday 16th June 1846

The severest frost I ever felt since I have been in this country.

Wednesday 17th June 1846

Pouring rain the whole day. Towards evening it cleared. Read “R-F–.”

Thursday 18th June 1846

Friday 19th June 1846

Sent for letters to Beethams, a very misty foggy morning.

Saturday 20th June 1846

Raining in the evening.

Sunday 21st June 1846

Lost some sheep today, 85, received 40 only. 25 found dead.

Monday 22nd June 1846

Rode out on the Run to look if any more sheep could be seen. Had rain in the evening.

Tuesday 23rd June 1846

Raining a little in the afternoon.

Wednesday 24th June 1846

A very cold day. Rode out after breakfast to Corrick Range to Wambock and back through the Bush to Corrick and Robert’s Sheep Station.

Thursday 24th June 1846

A very foggy morning. Fanny laid up with a violent cold. We were all to have paid the Mannings a visit at Cumbermurro today, but only Miss Mitchell and Wise went on horseback. Fanny and I remaining at home.

Friday 25th June 1846

Ploughed a boundary line between McKay’s and this Station. The fog so thick this morning that the bullocks could not at first be found. Did not clear till 1. Wise and Miss Mitchell did not return till sundown. Fanny very nervous at their having stayed away.

Saturday 26th June 1846

James Manning and a Mr Cameron drove over to Demondrille, had lunch. Cameron brought letters from the Manro’ to (and?) David. Had a long chat of Clifton etc with him, he is a Port Philip man. A wretched cold day. Received letters today, an English one of 22nd January from Aunt Mary Anne.

Sunday 27th June 1846

A little rain. Had a desperate cold. Did not get up to breakfast. Wrote to Philip and David.

Monday 28th June 1846

Tuesday 29th June 1846

Wednesday 30th June 1846

Thursday 1st July 1846

A beautiful morning. Drove Fanny and Miss Mitchell over to “Cumbermurro” to see Mrs James Manning. Distance from Demondrille only 18 miles. Mrs Manning was a Miss Firebrace, daughter of Major Firebrace of Port Philip. A very pretty ladylike person and a great acquisition to the Society here. Wise about 9 o’clock at night came over to our great surprise. He felt it lonely to remain at home.

Friday 2nd July 1846

Returned after lunch from Cumberwarra just two hours and a quarter driving over.

Wrote to Aunt Mary Anne (with enclosures of Philip and David) dated 1st July. Also to Grace dated 20th June. Received a note from Grace dated 20th February. Fanny received two joint epistles from Aunt Mary Anne and Grace dated 29th January and 25th February.

Saturday 3rd July 1846

A cold but beautiful day. A Mr Crow lunched. Frederick Manning paid us a visit.

Sunday 4th June 1846

A beautiful day, but very cold. Early a (small?) snow was (seen?). Wise, Fanny, Miss Mitchell and F Manning went for a long walk. I remained at home reading English letters.

Monday 5th June 1846

Shifted the Crossing Place Sheep to Corrick.

Tuesday 6th June 1846

Wise, F. Manning left after breakfast. Wise returned by 6 in the evening.

Wednesday 9th June 1846 (light pencil)

A cold cloudy day. C. Mitchell arrived, he has come to — — — to Queenbean to the Murrays. Fanny enjoyed using my greatcoat with a Pith hat.

Thursday 10th June 1846

Wrote to Aunt M.A., and inclosed a letter to Grace. A drizzly cold day, nevertheless I (accompanied by young Mitchell) started on my journey to Wellington. Left at 12. Rode slowly to Richard’s, but afterwards quickened our pace, and arrived by sun down, at “Mannings” (“Manerys”?) a cattle station belonging to a gentleman by the name of Scarr(?), he doesn’t repose here himself, the superintendent is a Mr Ogle (O’Shea?) They call this 24 miles from Demondrille. The sun set very auspiciously this evening and a fine day we shall tomorrow.

Pages missing??

Wednesday 22nd July 1846

Thursday 23rd July 1846

Very cloudy. Raining a little. Now and again heavy storms.

Friday 24th July 1846

Occasional showers today. After breakfast went out shooting. Got a few ducks. Young Mitchell with me.

Saturday 25th July 1846

Went on the Run to get the horses in, finished the paddock this afternoon. Showers today.

Sunday 26th July 1846

A beautiful day. Had prayers.

Monday 27th July 1846

Wise and myself and Sanderson rode out immediately after breakfast to look out for lambing. Stations: went on to Corrick and to our disgust found Mr Roberts encroaching on our Run. Young Mitchell went with us. Ennies returned this evening with the 50 rams.

Tuesday 28th July 1846

A beautiful day, in the night however a great deal of rain fell, accompanied with heavy thunder and wind. Wise, Fanny, Miss Mitchell and her brother went out for a ride. I would not go, had a bad headache. Mr Roberts called to speak about the dispute we have as to boundary.

Wednesday 29th July 1846

Storming today. Mitchell and I went out shooting. Rode to the Connaughtman Station where we left our horses, and traversed the Creek up and down, looking for ducks, but we saw none.

Thursday 30th July 1846

Sanderson, Wise and myself rode out to the Corrick Station to understand more about our boundaries between Mr Robert’s and ourselves. Pouring rain the whole time.

Friday 31st July 1846

Raining the whole day.

Saturday 1st August. 1846

Mitchell and I started after breakfast, lunched with James Manning. Called at Beetham’s (Beechams?) for letters. And rode on to Griffins for the night. No feed for our horses alas. Met there a Mr Duigann and a Mr Grenville.

Sunday 2nd August 1846

Left Griffin’s after lunch, a very cold morning. Snow falling. Called on my way at James Manning and arrived home by sun down.

Our cart returned from Yass, with fruit trees and plants of all descriptions.

Monday 3rd August 1846

Received a letter from Arthur Hodgson. Miss Mitchell in great tribulation having only just heard of the death of her brother “Murray.” He was in his father’s office, and had gone on a Surveying expedition to he “Snowy Mountains,” a most cold and desolate region, he caught a violent cold.

Tuesday 4th August 1846

Wise drove Fanny and Miss Mitchell out to Cunningham Plains. Settled our dispute with Roberts. McKay arrived from Maneroo.

Wednesday 5th August 1846

A cold day. Sleet, rain and actually snow. Thermometer 27. We started a horse team to Sydney for supplies. I put a young horse in the shafts (he had never been in harness before), he went very well at first, but afterwards got so restive that the dray returned home again. In the evening a Mr Bagot made his appearance, a gentleman interested in the Adelaide copper mines. (Presently?) he is arranging the 500 fat bullocks for the miner’s consumption.

Thursday 6th August 1846

Mr Bagot agrees to rest here a day. Left him with the Ladies, and rode out to where we are putting a “Dam” to guard against the water failing in the summer. Rode afterwards to the Corricks Station. One of our shepherds bolted leaving his flock. The horse dray started, the young horse leading.

Friday 7th August 1846

Another frozen morning. Mr Bagot changed his mind and had breakfast first before he started. Rode to Wambock Sheep Station to arrange about placing a new shepherd in the place of the man who bolted. Campbell Mitchell walked with me and Fanny and Wise rode out to the place the “Dam” is being made.

Saturday 8th August 1846

Sent the gardener on his own poney to Welmans for some fruit trees sent us from Yass, returned without them and on foot, the poney having pitched him and got off with all the trees strapped to the saddle.

Sunday 9th August 1846

Had prayers. Sent two men in search of the lost poney. No tidings whatever.

Monday 10th August 1846

The overseer went out at daylight and in couple of hours returned driving in the poney before him. Strange to say all the trees safe, saddle and bridle too. Fanny and Wise drove to see Mrs Welman. I rode to the Corrick Station being obliged to change shepherds. Griffin arrived whilst we were absent. He is on his road to the Wellington District.

Tuesday 11th August 1846

Rode around the Sheep Stations, Campbell Mitchell with me. Found the little mare we had lost for a week, but to our sorrow blind of an eye, how she became so a mystery.

Griffin agrees to remain a day. Heard of the arrival of our new Governor, Sir C. FitzRoy, who arrived on Sunday 2nd. Lady Mary I hear is anything but aristocratic looking. A severe frost last night.

Wednesday 12th August 1846

A beautiful day. After many preparations the carriage was at the door and by ½ past 12 Wise, Fanny and Miss Mitchell drove off! Campbell Mitchell accompanying them riding, leading his sister’s riding horse. Miss Mitchell is going to stay with the Murrays at Queenbeyan. Griffin also started at the same time. I accompanied him as far as Robert’s 8 miles from this.

Thursday 13th August 1846

A beautiful day. Ice very thick in the morning and a severe night of – . Killed another of Robert’s bullocks, weight 860. Price £8. McKay rode over with several men.

Friday 14th August 1846

Another lovely day, severe frost. – in the morning.

Saturday 15th August 1846

No frost this morning for a wonder. Cloudy for the most part. Purchased 70 Bushels of wheat from (Mr Leahy?) at 4/-, delivered here in flour for which £1 is to be paid extra. Bought 10 fat Bullocks from a young man by name of Byrne to average was 700 weight, price 50/- each.

Sunday 16th August 1846

Monday 17th August 1846

Very heavy rain the whole day.

Tuesday 18th August 1846

Sent Ennies to see if any men were to be engaged, also for the knocked up horse of ours at Cumbermurra. Pouring rain the whole day.

Wednesday 19th August 1846

Pouring rain the whole day. Went with Sanderson to look whether any water was in the dam. Quite full, and were it not for the drains an either side would overflow.

Thursday 20th August 1846

Cloudy today, but no rain. Our main creek running beautifully and the dam lately under made standing well. Sent two men in search of our lost cows. One of the shepherds bought me in 7 native dog pups. The mother he killed.

Friday 21st August 1846

A find day. Found our lost cows. Did not go out hardly, not being well. Read the Quarterly Review, a dissertation on Tylter’s Life of Mary Queen of Scots; Revelations of a Staff Surgeon ect.

Saturday 22nd August 1846

A lovely day. Finished the Quarterly Review. Planting flower beds in the garden amongst which some David brought from England, one a variegated flower with no name, nor did he know strange to say the name of a rather odd kind. Branded some of our cows. Fanny and Wise intended to have returned today but the rain I suppose will detain him.

Sunday 23rd August 1846

A beautiful day, summer is visibly approaching. One Swallow they say does not make a summer. I saw, however, two today.

Monday 24th August 1846

Sent a dray to Bowning for sawn stuff, 40 miles distant.

Perry’s team returned after a week absence with a ton of hay. Value of hay 5 per ton. Parted some of the flocks of ewes previously to lambing. Ennies and Rae took 714. Colman and Wall 713. Bucky and Cope 716. Comans and M. Comans 714, (Hamon?) and M. Cope 716.

Tuesday 25th August 1846

A rather cold day. In the evening a light storm, thunder and lightning accompanied with hail. Read “Correspondence of George Selwyn” in the Quarterly.

Wednesday 26th August 1846

No rain, but a very cold wind blowing, and cloudy withal. Thermometer 41. Read “Sketches by Boz.”

Thursday 27th August 1846

A fine day, rather; several of the ewes dying from having taken too much Rock Salt, and then going to the water. Read the “Connoisseur,” in the British Essayists.

Friday 28th August 1846

Saturday 29th August 1846

Drizzly again today. Fanny and Wise returned home. Miss Callander accompanied them. They had been to the Hardy’s on the Murrambidgee.

Sunday 30th August 1846

Storms of rain. Had prayers. Sent the groom over to Cambermurra for letters. Wrote to Arthur Hodgson on the Downs.

Monday 31st August 1846

D—n returned from Cambermurra. No letters from Sydney. James Manning wrote to Wise to tell him that his sister Mrs W. Manning was not expected to live. He then rode on to (Taaffes?) and back again at night. Sanderson rode to (Sept?) meet him as far as (FitzPelan?) Rode to the top Station, also to Corrick and the other lambing stations. A little rain today.

Tuesday 1st September 1846

A beautiful day, rode to McKay’s Station, also to the dam at Mayr’s. Wise is determined to go down to Sydney and perhaps drive Fanny down, on account of her being with Mrs W. Manning.

Wednesday 2nd September 1846

Rode out before breakfast with Sanderson to the Connaughtman. A damp looking evening. After breakfast rode out to Conran’s at the top Station, the whole time pouring with rain, the creek at Demondrille running. Wise received letters giving a much better account of his sister Mrs W. Manning. Up to today we have lost no less than 38 ewes, in consequence of their having taken too much Rock Salt, went to the different stations.

Thursday 3rd September 1846

Pouring rain the whole day. The overseer went round all the Lambing Stations. We are afraid this weather will kill a great number of the young lambs.

Friday 4th September 1846

Not much rain today fortunately. The creek running high still. Rode to the dam and found that the water had risen higher than it, and had consequently flowed over it. Sent the overseer and the men out at once to repair the break. Rode to several of the Lambing Stations afterwards. A great number of lambs died in consequence of the cold and wet, at the station above Coman’s (Conran’s?) no less than 35 lambs!

Saturday 5th September 1846

A beautiful day. Rode out first to the dam, then on to Corrick’s and then to Wamback (Wombat?).

Sunday 6th September 1846

Another lovely day. Had prayers in the morning. The horse team from Sydney arrived, with out shearing supplies.

Monday 7th September 1846

Rode to some of the Lambing Stations. A lovely day. Engaged afterwards planting the shrubs etc from Sydney.

Tuesday 8th September 1846

Rode out before breakfast. Placed a new shepherd at the Corrick man Station. Wise rode to the May’s to breakfast. Put the young horse in the carriage for his first time, went very well. A lovely day.

Wednesday 9th September 1846

A fine day. Roped a young horse for breaking in.

Thursday 10th September 1846

Pouring rain the whole of the day and night.

Friday 11th September 1846

Rode to the dam, a little rain today.

Saturday 12th September 1846

Cloudy but no rain. Round all the Lambing Stations, took possession of the sitting room in our new house.

Sunday 13th September 1846

A beautiful day.

Monday 14th September 1846

A beautiful day.

Tuesday 15th September 1846.

A fine day. James Manning and wife drove over from Cambermurra. Lunched and then returned home.. Afterwards Wise and Miss Callander went for a ride. After they had been absent an hour saw the grey mare she had been riding return without her. Much alarmed at first, however we found Wise and herself a little up the next hill, trying to take impression of an Eagle which had for its prey an immense Bastard. They captivated with the animal, and in the excitement of the moment forgot all about the horse.

Wednesday 16th September 1846

Drove over to Cambermurra after breakfast. “Captain” went very bad. Arrived only in time for dinner.

Thursday 17th September 1846

Raining a little in the morning, almost persuaded not to go to Yass today, however, I made the attempt, my horse giving me a good deal of trouble, passed (along?) “Griffins,” did not go in, by the time I reached “Bowning” my horse was completely done, and to my other grievances broke the rein pin which goes through the shafts and to which the traces are affixed. Borrowed a fresh horse at Bowning from McKay, the Innkeepers and got in to Yass in very good time. Stayed(?) at Molle’s place(?). John Brougham dined together. In the evening the rain came down in torrents.

Friday 18th September 1846

Raining in torrents and the Yass River running so strongly and so high that it was impossible to cross it. After dinner drove to Henry O’Brians. Mrs O’Brien invited me up. Stayed the night.

Saturday 19th September 1846

It cleared this morning, but the River is higher than yesterday. The O’Briens have pressed me to remain here today. After dinner rode with Henry O’Brian to two of his Sheep Stations, did not return till long after dark.

Sunday 20th September 1846

A find day but very cold wind blowing. Drove into Yass after breakfast. The O’Brien in first before me, they to the Roman Catholic Chapel, I to the (June?). The Yass River still rising. Dined with McEvoy the Doctor of the place. Taaffe, a Squatter on the Murrambidgee is staying with him. At night the rain came pouring down again.

Monday 21st September 1846

Pouring rain, however, the River having lowered. I determined to cross it, I went over in a boat and I had the carriage drawn (across?) the water with ropes, half a dozen black fellows pushing it on. Very heavy travelling, and so slippery that the horse I was driving could hardly get along. Lunched at Bowning, got my own horse and returned the one I had borrowed to McKay. Started again at 1. Passed by Griffins, went in for a few minutes, (neither? Meeting?) Brougham on the way, who took up the vacant seat in the carriage with me, giving is horse to his man to lead. Reached Camberamurra by 5 o’clock.

Tuesday 22nd September 1846

Raining a little in the morning. Drove home after breakfast, arrived after a good deal of trouble with my horse.

Wednesday 23rd September 1846

Rode out before breakfast to the Mayo’s and to Buckleys. A beautiful day. The Blacks stripping bark for us.

Thursday 24th September 1846

Rode to the further Sheep Station, also to where we are putting up a dam.

Friday 25th September 1846

A lovely day. Rode with the groom to Harris’, he riding the young filly which he is breaking in.

Saturday 26th September 1846

Another lovely day.

Sunday 27th September 1846

A beautiful day. Had a large congregation. The Blacks had a regular fight this evening.

Monday 28th September 1846

Tuesday 29th September 1846

Wednesday 30th September 1846

A fine day. Drove Fanny over to Welmans. Put the black horse in. A lovely day.

Thursday 1st October 1846

Wise went off very early before daybreak to Yass being anxious for letters.

Friday 2nd October 1846

Wise arrived from Yass about 11, the accounts of his sister so alarming that he and Fanny determined on going to Sydney on Monday next. Welman and Mr Hardy arrived, the latter remains. A thunder storm in the afternoon but not very heavy.

Saturday 3rd October 1846

Sunday 4th October 1846

Had a large congregation. A fine day but fearfully warm.

Monday 5th October 1846

Breakfast at daylight, and by 7 o’clock the carriage came round. Miss Callander, and Fanny and myself. Wise and Hardy riding, also the man. Breakfasted at Cambermurra. Miss Callander remaining with the Mannings. Wise and Fanny went on to Yass for Sydney.

Tuesday 6th October 1846

Rode out after breakfast to Cunningham Creek. Saw Mr Harris in the act of making a Sheep washing place on our part of the creek. Prevented further operations, his sheep not being clean.

Murdochs brought us 70 bushels of wheat. J. Long (Johny Long) returned from Yass.

Wednesday 7th October 1846

Rode to Cunninghams Creek to look after Harris. Having found him intending to wash his scabby sheep there.

Thursday 8th October 1846

Friday 9th October 1846

Saturday 10th October 1846

Sunday 11th October 1846

A cloudy day. Pouring rain in the night. Mayo came in to report that he had lost his child.

Monday 12th October 1846

Looking for Mayo’s child all day. In the evening Roberts stockman came to let them know that the child had been picked up there, a distance of 9 miles, and the child only 4 years old.

Tuesday 13th October 1846

Sent Ennies for Mayo’s child to Roberts.

Wednesday 14th October 1846

Sent Ennies for letters to the Post. And the side saddle for Miss Callander.

Thursday 15th October 1846

D-(Dune?) returned. Sent to James Manning the horse dray for Shaw.

Friday 16th October 1846

Fanny’s birthday. Commenced sheep washing. Agreed to give the shearers, those that could shear 50 a day 35/- a week, those that could shear 45 sheep only 30/- and a ration.

Saturday 17th October 1846

Washing again today, the remainder of Mayo’s flock.

Sunday 18th October 1846

Rode the young filly that we just broke in over to McKays. Sanderson went with me for the purpose of examining McKay’s wool. Whether clean or not, etc. A very warm day.

Monday 19th October 1846

Washed 1200 hoggetts today with 15 men. Very oppressive today, had a little rain.

Tuesday 20th October 1846

Commenced shearing. 8 shearers 35/- per week to those who sheared 50 sheep a day; 30/- to those who 45.

Wednesday 21st October 1846

Shearing. Sent Johnny Long on horseback to Yass. Wrote to Wise, also to Dear Grace with my journal, dated the letter 20th Sept. McKay breakfasted with me.

Thursday 22nd October 1846

Shearing again. Sent Ennies over to get iron pins for wool press. Very sultry. Ryan the bullock drivers’ child died.

Friday 23rd October 1846

Very sultry, and in the afternoon a slight thunder storm. Fortunately got all the sheep under cover.

Saturday 24th October 1846

Last night a great deal of rain, thunder and lightning. Finished Mayo’s flock. Tom (John, Ian?) Cope lost 400 of his (Maden?) ewes. Sanderson Isacc, Rae, Kirk went to search for them. Carter (Castles?) however, found them. Received Fanny’s and Wise’s letters by Therry.

Sunday 25th October 1846

A very warm day. Rode to the Connaughtman with Sanderson to see if the men had properly made the Washing Place there.

Monday 26th October 1846

Tuesday 27th October 1846

Wednesday 28th October 1846

Thursday 29th October 1846

Friday 30th October 1846

Saturday 31st October 1846

Sunday 1st November 1846

Rode over to Cumbermurra after breakfast. Returned in the evening.

Friday 20th November 1846

A very wet day. Cleared in the afternoon. Rode over to Cumbermurra. Received letters. One from dear Grace, dated 28th March.

Saturday 21st November 1846

Rode with Charles McArthur to Beecham’s (Beetham’s?), he would not go in. Parted company here. Beecham not at home. Only his sister. Returned to Cumbermurra, dined and slept there.

Sunday 22nd November 1846

Left Manning after breakfast, met Griffin returning from Demondrille, had a desperate headache. A feud now between the groom (Johnson) and the black cook (Robinson) The former armed with a pitchfork, the latter with a cutlass.

Monday 23rd November 1846

Sent Robinson and wife away in the cart.

Tuesday 24th November 1846

Another wet day. Washed the last flock of sheep at the Conackman(?) notwithstanding the rain.

Wednesday 25th November 1846

Wrote to dear Grace, dated my letter 20th Oct.

Thursday 26th November 1846

Friday 27th November 1846

Saturday 28th November 1846

Sunday 29th November 1846

Occasionally heavy thunder and storm.

Monday 30th November 1846

Wet on the evening, the creek rising. Sanderson went to Yass as evidence in the case of “Kern v Russell.”

Tuesday 1st December 1846.

Wrote to dear Grace.

(end of entries for 1846)